The Montessori philosophy  depends on three proponents, each having

equal value – the child, the cognizant adult and the prepared environment.

The Montessori philosophy depends on three proponents, each having

equal value – the child, the cognizant adult and the prepared environment.

Natural Spirituality

The child is the base. Montessori felt that each child was unique and the child’s mind and the process of learning varied throughout the stages of the child’s development.

The Child moves through sensitive periods

Dr. Montessori noticed that there were certain periods of particular sensitivity that occurred in children. During these periods children could learn the activity that she was focused on at a particularly intense rate and that such learning appeared to come very easily.

The periods were a sensitive period for order, refinement of the senses, language acquisition, walking, and movement,

small objects and involvement in social life.


The periods were a sensitive period for order, refinement of the senses, language acquisition, walking, and movement,

small objects and involvement in social life.

If left to follow this natural interest the child could achieve much more than would normally be expected. Montessori teachers, therefore, watch out for these very creative periods and make sure that the children have the freedom to follow their interests.

Children need freedom

Montessori saw freedom as the single most important factor in allowing children to develop as spontaneous, creative individuals.

The aware adult, whether a parent or teacher, acts as an observer, protects the child’s right to learn, models desired behavior, prepares the environment and also accommodates the needs of the child. In the classroom setting, the adult is neither simply the central authority nor “imparter of knowledge”. When presenting a lesson, the adult’s role is to model the learning activity. This is done in a slow, concise way, modeling care and respect. Different modalities of learning are considered when a lesson is given. That is, when the adult speaks, they are not demonstrating, and when they are modeling, there is little language. In this way the child’s attention can be focused more on what is said or on what is done. The child is then invited to do the task. Most of the Montessori materials are self-correcting so that the child can “learn as they go”.

Children learn through their senses

Dr. Montessori saw that children built on their physical experiences of the world through their senses. By designing interesting materials which the children were drawn to, she could help them extend this understanding

The prepared environment is one that encourages exploration and movement (especially for the young child) and will allow “freedom within limits”.

The child is shown how to respect the environment, how to make choices and is allowed to develop the abilities of concentration, coordination, and a sense of order and independence.

Montessori realized that children first needed concrete objects to hold and manipulate. Subsequent materials would then gradually lead the child to abstraction.

Children are natural learners

Montessori schools believe that children are at their happiest when they are busily involved in a process.

They are natural learners who will want to constantly explore the world if left to follow their instincts.

External demands that don’t fit with their needs is what stops children from enjoying this natural curiosity. The only results young children are interested in are the ones that end up making them feel good about themselves and their abilities. Learning their unacceptable results that in turn makes them feel bad creates a fear of the process. That fear can cut them off from the joy of learning forever.


Montessori schools believe that each child is an individual and should be encouraged to work at the pace that is right for him or her. Children are never in competition with each other.

Let’s preserve the rights of each child to be protected from undue pressure and make learning FUN and NATURAL

Dr. Maria Montessori wrote many books during her time. Here are some recommendations:

  • VThe Discovery of the Child.
  • VThe Secret of Childhood.
  • VThe Absorbent Mind.

There are also many books written by other authors about Montessori and her philosophy.




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Montessori Madness

Montessori Learning in the 21st Century: A Guide for Parents and Teachers

Montessori: The Science Behind the Genius.

Montessori – A Modern Approach

Montessori TodayMontessori From The Start

How to Raise an Adult: Break Free of the Overparenting Trap and Prepare your kid for Success

Advanced Montessori Method

Education and Peace

Education for a New World

From Childhood to Adolescence

Montessori Method

The Absorbent Mind

The Child in the Family

The Discovery of the Child

The Secret of Childhood

To Educate the Human Potential

Positive Discipline for Preschoolers: For Their Early Years

Positive Discipline: The First Three years

Positive Discipline A-Z

Positive Discipline

Positive Discipline for Working Parents

Parents Who Love Too Much: How Good Parents Can Learn to Love More Wisely and Develop

Children of Character

Positive Discipline for your Stepfamily: Nurturing Harmony, Respect, and Joy in Your New Family

Drive: The Surprising Truth about What Motivates Us

How To Raise An Amazing Child The Montessori Way